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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1568--1574

Reliability of Pre-Induction Inferior Vena Cava Assessment with Ultrasound for the Prediction of Post-Induction Hypotension in Neurosurgical Patients Undergoing Intracranial Surgery

Amit Goyal1, Kumari Pallavi1, Mathangi Krishnakumar2, Rohini M Surve2, V Bhadrinarayan2, Dhritiman Chakrabarti2 
1 Department of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care, Eternal Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Amit Goyal
Department of Neuroanesthesia and Neurocritical Care, Eternal Hospital, Jaipur - 302 017, Rajasthan
India

Background: Hypotension is one of the most common complications following induction of general anesthesia. Preemptive diagnosis and correcting the hypovolemic status can reduce the incidence of post-induction hypotension. However, an association between preoperative volume status and severity of post-induction hypotension has not been established in neurosurgical patients. We hypothesized that preoperative ultrasonographic assessment of intravascular volume status can be used to predict post-induction hypotension in neurosurgical patients. Our study objective was to establish the relationship between pre-induction maximum inferior vena cava (IVC) diameter, collapsibility index (CI), and post-induction reduction in mean arterial blood pressure in neurosurgical patients. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted including 100 patients undergoing elective intracranial surgeries. IVC assessment was done before induction of general anesthesia. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the cutoff values of maximum and minimum IVC diameter (IVCDmax and IVCDmin, respectively) and CI for prediction of hypotension. Results: Post-induction hypotension was observed in 41% patients. Patients with small IVCDmax and higher CI% developed hypotension. The areas under the ROC curve (AUCs) were 0.64 (0.53–0.75) for IVCDmax and 0.69 (0.59–0.80) for IVCDmin. The optimal cutoff values were1.38 cm for IVCDmax and 0.94 cm for IVCDmin. The AUC for CI was 0.65 (0.54–0.77) and the optimal cutoff value was 37.5%. Conclusion: Pre-induction IVC assessment with ultrasound is a reliable method to predict post-induction hypotension resulting from hypovolemia in neurosurgical patients.


How to cite this article:
Goyal A, Pallavi K, Krishnakumar M, Surve RM, Bhadrinarayan V, Chakrabarti D. Reliability of Pre-Induction Inferior Vena Cava Assessment with Ultrasound for the Prediction of Post-Induction Hypotension in Neurosurgical Patients Undergoing Intracranial Surgery.Neurol India 2022;70:1568-1574


How to cite this URL:
Goyal A, Pallavi K, Krishnakumar M, Surve RM, Bhadrinarayan V, Chakrabarti D. Reliability of Pre-Induction Inferior Vena Cava Assessment with Ultrasound for the Prediction of Post-Induction Hypotension in Neurosurgical Patients Undergoing Intracranial Surgery. Neurol India [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Dec 2 ];70:1568-1574
Available from: https://www.neurologyindia.com/article.asp?issn=0028-3886;year=2022;volume=70;issue=4;spage=1568;epage=1574;aulast=Goyal;type=0