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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 543--544

Robotic Stereotactic EEG

Sandeep Kandregula, Bharat Guthikonda 
 Department of Neurosurgery, LSU Health Sciences, Shreveport, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sandeep Kandregula
Department of Neurosurgery, LSU Health Sciences, Shreveport

How to cite this article:
Kandregula S, Guthikonda B. Robotic Stereotactic EEG.Neurol India 2021;69:543-544

How to cite this URL:
Kandregula S, Guthikonda B. Robotic Stereotactic EEG. Neurol India [serial online] 2021 [cited 2021 Jul 28 ];69:543-544
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Full Text

Stereotactic electroencephalography (SEEG) is a minimally invasive surgical and electrophysiological technique to identify the epileptic zone (EZ) in pharmacoresistant epilepsy. The application of robotic technology in SEEG improves precision and accuracy, allowing multiple trajectory angles, obviating the need for arduous, time-consuming stereotactic frame adjustments. Accuracy of SEEG was calculated using entry point errors (EPE), target point errors (TPE) calculated as Euclidean distances between the planned trajectories and actual trajectories. Various studies reported improved accuracy of robotic SEEG along with shorter surgical time. Martinez et al. reported 3.5 hours faster than conventional SEEG and a major morbidity rate of 1%.[1] Technological developments and increased application of technology in the medical fields have contributed to the more widespread robotic assistance practice in neurosurgery. In this abstract illustration, we intend to show the application of the robotic arm in SEEG.


Device: Ipad Pro 12.9

Software: Procreate


1Gonzalez-Martinez J, Bulacio J, Thompson S, Gale J, Smithason S, Najm I, et al. Technique, Results, and Complications Related to Robot-Assisted Stereoelectroencephalography. Neurosurgery 2016;78:169-80.