Neurol India Home 

Year : 2006  |  Volume : 54  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 283--285

Cranial nerve involvement in patients with leprous neuropathy

Sudhir Kumar, Mathew Alexander, Chandran Gnanamuthu 
 Department of Neurological Sciences, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudhir Kumar
Department of Neurological Sciences, Apollo Hospitals, Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad - 500 033

Background: Leprosy is one of the most common causes of peripheral neuropathy, perhaps closely matched by diabetic neuropathy. Patterns of peripheral neuropathy in leprosy can be varied, which may include mononeuropathy, mononeuritis multiplex and symmetric polyneuropathy. Cranial nerves, especially facial and trigeminal nerves, are also commonly involved in leprosy. Aims: To find out the pattern and spectrum of cranial nerve involvement in a consecutive series of patients with leprous neuropathy. Settings and Design: A retrospective review of patients admitted with leprosy to the Neurology Department of a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: All consecutive patients admitted during an 8-year period (1995-2003) and diagnosed to have leprosy were included. They were clinically evaluated to determine the frequency and pattern of cranial nerve involvement. Results: About 18% (9/51) of the leprosy patients seen during that period had clinical evidence of cranial nerve involvement. Facial and trigeminal nerves were the most commonly affected (five and four patients respectively). Conclusions: Cranial nerve involvement is common in leprosy, which emphasizes the need to carefully examine them. Also, one should exclude leprosy in patients presenting with isolated cranial neuropathies.

How to cite this article:
Kumar S, Alexander M, Gnanamuthu C. Cranial nerve involvement in patients with leprous neuropathy.Neurol India 2006;54:283-285

How to cite this URL:
Kumar S, Alexander M, Gnanamuthu C. Cranial nerve involvement in patients with leprous neuropathy. Neurol India [serial online] 2006 [cited 2023 Mar 23 ];54:283-285
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