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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1661--1664

The Yin and Yang of Operating on a Posterior Fossa Meningioma: The Schmahmann Syndrome


1 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
4 Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Jaskaran S Gosal
Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Jodhpur - 342 005, Rajasthan
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.355121

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The cerebellum is classically linked with control of motor function, such as coordination, balance, and regulation of movement. There is an increasing awareness, now, of the non-motor functions of the cerebellum, and the occurrence of behavioral anomalies with cerebellar disorders. We present the first report of Schmahmann syndrome (cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome [CCAS]) occurring secondary to posterior fossa meningioma excision. A 35-year-old lady with a posterior fossa meningioma developed an infarct of the right posterosuperior cerebellar hemisphere and ipsilateral superior vermis, following suboccipital craniotomy and tumor resection. Few days after the surgery, she presented with aggressive and emotional behavior, irrelevant talk, and emotional lability. The CCAS scale was administered, and she scored poorly on almost all parameters. A neuropsychological evaluation was also done. The occurrence of CCAS, posterior fossa syndrome (PFS), and behavioral abnormalities like abnormal pathological laughter/crying provides further clinical evidence of the “affective” functions of the cerebellum, modulated mainly by the posterior lobe and vermis of the cerebellum.






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