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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 70  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 1377--1383

Gender Differences in Perceived Stress among Neurosurgeons: A Cross-Sectional Study


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Moolchand Medcity Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Consultant Ophthalmologist, Moolchand Medcity Hospital, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Neurosurgery, GIPMER, New Delhi, India
4 Senior- Professor Neurosurgery and Dean Neurosciences, NIMHANS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Anita Jagetia
Department of Neurosurgery, GIPMER, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.355171

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Purpose: Surgeons are subjected to enhanced levels of work-related stress and women are likely to face unique challenges due to sub-optimal representation. The present study was conceived with a primary objective to study the gender differences faced by surgeons and neurosurgeons in particular. The secondary objective was to assess the correlation between the various stress inducers and busters of normal working and daily life and the mental state of neurosurgeons. Methods: The study was a cross-sectional, multi-centric study in which a structured questionnaire was sent to neurosurgeons through various neurosurgical forums of the country. A total of 93 complete responses were included in the study. The questions were broadly divided into four themes, demographic working data, stress inducers, stress busters, and questions to reflect the mental state of the respondent. Results: There were 74 males and 19 females in the study, with an average age of 39.34 ± 8.57 years. Statistically significant gender differences were noted in rating the out-patient department (OPD) hours, lectures and seminars, performing and assisting surgeries, attending conferences and working in the intensive care unit (ICU), with women scoring lower than men for these activities. There were no significant gender differences in the mental state of the respondents. A strong correlation was found between scoring for performance and assisting of surgery and the mental state questions, and a strong negative correlation was noted between music, playing games, going to the gym, practicing yoga and the mental state questions, indicative of a protective effect. Conclusions: There was no significant gender differences in the perceived stress levels among neurosurgeons. Women appeared more comfortable with certain normal activities of working. A strong negative correlation was reported for activities such as music, playing games, yoga, and going to the gym, indicating a protective effect.






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