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 CASE REPORT
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1802--1804

New Onset Refractory Status Epilepticus as a Manifestation of Tuberculosis of the Central Nervous System


1 Harrogate District Hospital, Harrogate, United Kingdom; Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Jaslok Hospital and Research Centre, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
3 Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Preet Mukesh Shah
21 Rajvi Building, Flat 102, K.A.S. Road, Matunga, Mumbai - 400 019, Maharashtra

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.333528

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A 28-year-old male presented to us with new onset refractory status epilepticus. Prior to his seizures, he had a history of fever, headache and blurring of vision, for which he was admitted elsewhere. No cause was found; he was treated symptomatically and was discharged as his symptoms had abated. Post-discharge, he started having multiple seizures. Neuro-imaging suggested encephalitis. He progressed to status epilepticus and was referred to our center. We intensified the anti-epileptic medications but owing to no response, he had to be put under coma with thiopental, yet the seizures persisted. Workup for the etiology of his seizures was negative except for CSF TB-PCR (Gene Xpert) being positive and hence anti-tuberculous therapy was initiated. By this time, he developed rhabdomyolysis, and thereafter renal failure with dyselectrolytemia, and thus there was a plan to initiate dialysis. But before this could be done, he succumbed to a cardiac arrest secondary to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. We believe this to be the first reported case of new onset refractory status epilepticus secondary to tuberculosis of the central nervous system.






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