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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1693--1700

High Prevalence and Low Awareness of Mild Cognitive Impairment in a Suburban Community in Shanghai


1 Department of Neurology,Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University; Department of Neurology, Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Hospital, Shanghai, 201299, China
2 Department of Neurology, Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Hospital, Shanghai, 201299, China
3 Department of Image, Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Hospital, Shanghai, 201299, China
4 Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, 200092, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Xueyuan Liu
Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, 301 Yan Chang Middle Road, Shanghai - 200003
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.333524

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Background: The prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), herein China, was without involving the suburban communities, where the awareness of MCI still remains extremely weak. Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the prevalence of MCI in the Chinese residents aged ≥65 in the suburban communities of Shanghai, China, and study the awareness of MCI in terms of its symptom, prevention, and intervention. Methods: A total of 925 suburban community residents aged ≥65 were evaluated with a series of clinical examinations and scale questionnaire, and 600 participated in a five-dimension questionnaire survey pertaining to the awareness of MCI. Results: The prevalence of MCI was up to 29.8% and of dementia was 11.1%, respectively. A difference was observed among the three groups of dementia, MCI, and normal in each dimension of age, gender, education, being widowed, and living with the next generation (P < 0.05). The degree of cognitive impairment was linearly correlated with age (P < 0.001). The prevalence of MCI was higher in the females (P < 0.001), in the group of low educational level (P < 0.001), in the widowed residents (P < 0.01), and in those who did not live with their next generations (P < 0.01). The family's concern for MCI symptoms in the elderly accounted for 60%; the awareness rate of MCI symptoms, 25.5%; the awareness rate of MCI prevention, 15.5%; and the rate of taking MCI seniors to the doctor, 32%. Conclusions: The prevalence of MCI in the suburban communities of Shanghai was high but the awareness of MCI was low.






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