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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1592--1600

Surgical Management of Tuberculum Sellae Meningioma: Our Experience and Review of the Literature

1 Global Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Global Hospital; Nanavati Super Specialty Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Suresh K Sankhla
Department of Neurosurgery, Room no. 118, 1st Floor OPD, Global Hospital, 35, Dr. E. Borges Road, Parel, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.333529

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Background: Tuberculum sellae (TS) meningiomas are benign lesions that produce neurological deficits through a mass effect on vital neurovascular structures. The treatment of choice is surgical removal with the ultimate goal to improve vision and achieve total tumor removal. Objective: We analyzed clinical features, tumor characteristics, and surgical approaches in 62 consecutive patients with TS meningiomas to identify factors influencing the postoperative outcome. Methods: The authors reviewed the medical records of all patients of TS meningiomas who underwent surgery at our institute between 2005 and 2018. Pre- and postoperative clinical data, including the operative findings, of these patients were analyzed. Results: Sixty-two patients who underwent surgery for removal of TSM, transcranial (TCA) in 38, and endoscopic endonasal (EEA) in 24, were identified. Gross total resection was performed in 84% and 87.5% patients in the TCA and EEA groups, respectively. A significantly higher rate of visual improvement was observed in the EEA group as compared to TCA (96% versus 79%). Visual worsening after surgery was greater with TCA than EEA (21% versus 4%). Fourteen (37%) patients in the TCA group experienced different postoperative complications, and CSF leak was the main complication in the EEA group. Conclusions: TCA and EEA are both associated with higher rates of GTR and visual improvement without compromising the safety of the procedure. An optimal outcome, however, depends on the careful selection of cases based on the tumor location and morphology, and the surgeon's familiarity with the surgical approach.


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