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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 1586--1591

Assessment of Collaterals Using Multiphasic CT Angiography in Acute Stroke: Its Correlation with Clinical Outcomes


1 Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India
2 Department of Comprehensive Stroke Care, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, Kerala, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chandrasekharan Kesavadas
Department of Imaging Sciences and Interventional Radiology, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.333473

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Background and Purpose: The aim of the research was to compare the efficiency of multiphase and single-phase computed tomography (CT) angiography in assessing the leptomeningeal collaterals and in predicting the long-term clinical outcome as well as the risk of hemorrhagic transformation. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was conducted from October 2016 to May 2018 in consecutive patients who presented within 8 hours of the onset of acute anterior circulation ischemic strokes, with NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) scores ≥5. They underwent triple-phase cerebral CT angiography, and the collaterals were assessed separately using both single-phase and multiphase techniques. The ability of the collaterals to predict the 24-hour CT ASPECTS (Alberta Stroke Program Early CT score), risk of cerebral hemorrhagic transformation, and 90-day clinical outcome was assessed. Results: Fifty-six patients, which included 42 with an involvement of the middle cerebral artery and 14 with mixed occlusions, were assessed. In the multivariate logistic analysis, multiphase CT angiography collateral grading is one of the independent predictors of favorable outcomes. Area under the curve (AUC) was 0.853 (95% confidence interval [CI; 0.73, 0.97]) for multiphase CT collateral scoring in predicting the long-term functional independence, whereas single-phase CT (sCT) scoring displayed an AUC value of only 0.609 (95% CI [0.43, 0.78]). Eighty-two percent of the patients with good multiphase CT collaterals were functionally independent. CT ASPECTS at 24 hours was significantly better in patients with a good multiphase CT collateral score than in those with a good single-phase score. None of the patients with good collaterals in multiphase CT angiography had a significant hemorrhagic transformation. Good multiphase CT collaterals demonstrated 78% sensitivity, 81% specificity, and 80% accuracy in predicting the functional outcome. Conclusion: Multiphase CT collateral system was superior to single-phase angiography in predicting the long-term functional outcomes. Prediction of the hemorrhagic transformation risk was also observed to be better for multiphase CT.






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