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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 1265--1268

Cost of Illness of Major Neurocognitive Disorders in India

1 Department of Neurology, KS Hegde Medical Academy, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Manjari Tripathi
Department of Neurology, Room No 705, Neurosciences Centre, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110 029
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.329606

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Background: Major neurocognitive disorders (major NCD) predominantly affect the elderly. Major NCD results in significant morbidity and socioeconomic burden. Objectives: To estimate the individual cost of care of a person with major NCD according to disease severity and component costs. Methods and Material: Fifty patients of major NCD with primary caregivers attending memory clinic of tertiary care center were included. A detailed questionnaire administered after inclusion provided demographic and clinical information. Caregivers were interviewed about details of care provided. Cognitive function was assessed by Hindi mental state examination (HMSE), and major NCD severity was determined by clinical dementia rating scale (CDR). Results: The annual cost of care per patient with mild to moderate and severe major MCD was INR 78288 and INR 167808, respectively. Costs increased with increasing severity of the disease. Direct nonmedical costs were significantly higher than direct medical costs in severe major NCD group and vice versa was found in mild to moderate major NCD group. Conclusion: Increasing population of elderly and prevalence of major NCD suggest an economic burden on caring families and hence the government. Comprehensive health policy toward providing affordable care to people with major NCD is the need of the hour.


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