| CASE REPORT
|Year : 2021 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 737--739
Cardiac Arrest in Frontal Lobe Epilepsy: A Potential Cause of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy
Xinyue Zhang, Li Cui, Weihong Lin
Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China
Background: Mechanisms involved in the causation of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) are not well understood. Ictal asystole has been identified as a cause of SUDEP in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. Herein, we report a patient who developed cardiac arrest during the ictal period of frontal lobe epilepsy.
Case Report: A 35-year-old man presented with a history of progressive nocturnal stiffness in the left lower extremity since 6 years and that of paroxysmal episodes of altered consciousness. In the last 2 years, he sustained epileptic seizures which presented as closed eyes, wheezy phlegm in the throat, facial pallor, moist cold skin, clenched fists, and limb stiffness; the episodes lasted 3–4 min. The seizures did not respond to antiepileptic therapy. Twenty four-hour electrocardiography monitoring showed transient atrial tachycardia, supraventricular premature beats, and cardiac arrest.
Conclusion: Frontal lobe epilepsy may be a potential cause of SUDEP. Clinician should be aware of this condition.
Dr. Weihong Lin
Department of Neurology and Neuroscience Center, First Hospital of Jilin University, No. 71, Xinmin Street, Changchun - 130 000
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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