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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 686--691

Endothelial Nitric Oxide Synthase (Glu298Asp) Polymorphism is Associated Significantly with Ischemic Stroke Presenting with Seizures and Altered Sensorium

1 Department of Neurology, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospital, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Genetic Anthropology, Delhi University, New Delhi, India
3 Department of Medicine, Lady Hardinge Medical College and Associated Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Alvee Saluja
Neurology Lab, 10 ORB, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi - 110 001
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.319217

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Background: Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is an enzymatic marker whose genetic polymorphism might predispose to acute ischemic stroke (AIS) via vascular endothelial dysfunction. It has a potential role in atherosclerosis, making it a plausible risk factor for stroke. Prior studies have failed to prove a conclusive relationship between eNOS polymorphism and AIS. Objective: The aim of this study is to find an association between the presence of eNOS polymorphism (Glu298Asp) and the risk of developing AIS. Materials and Methods: We recruited 307 subjects including 153 AIS cases and 154 healthy controls. The eNOS (Glu298Asp) polymorphism was identified in EDTA blood by PCR amplification of the target region followed by restriction enzyme digestion, and genotyping on Agarose gel. GG, GT and TT genotypes were obtained. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS software version 20. Results: A significant association was found between the presence of TT genotype and the risk of AIS (Odd's ratio (OR): 2.43, P-value = 0.038). There was no significant association between the TT genotype and the traditional stroke risk factors. However, the TT genotype was significantly associated with the presence of altered consciousness (OR: 5.27, 95% CI: 1.59–17.04, P-value = 0.003) and with the occurrence of seizures at presentation (OR: 7.98, 95% CI: 1.99–32.09, P-value = 0.007). Conclusions: There is a significant association between the presence of eNOSpolymorphism (Glu298Asp) and the risk of AIS, and the TT genotype may predispose to a more severe initial presentation of ischemic stroke.


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