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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 650--658

Calvarial Lesions: A Tertiary Centre's Experience Over Fifteen Years


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Department of Pathology, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ved Prakash Maurya
C- Block (First Floor), Hospital Building, Department of Neurosurgery, Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh - 226 014
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.319236

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Background: The human calvaria harbors a variety of pathology and majority of them are incidentally noticed as painless swelling. The aim of the present study is to describe the histopathological subtypes of calvarial lesions, their management and factors affecting their surgical outcome at a tertiary care referral center. Material and Methods: All patients who underwent excision of the calvarial lesions over the last 15 years (from January 2005 to July 2019) were included in this study. Patients having calvarial pathology of infective origin and recurrent lesions were excluded. Any patient with multiple calvarial lesions who have been operated more than one time for same histopathological diagnosis was counted as one patient. We studied Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) scores and radiological changes at 3-month follow up. Results: Total 65 patients were recruited in this retrospective observational study. The median age of patients in the study was 29 years (range: 8 years to 68 years). Fibrous dysplasia 20 (30.7%) was the commonest lesion while metastatic thyroid carcinoma 3 (4.6%) was the most common malignant pathology. Complete excision was performed in 51 (78.5%) of patients while in 14 (21.5%) cases, subtotal or near total decompression were achieved. After three months of surgery, there was significant improvement in the KPS score (P < 0.00001). Duration of follow up ranges from 6 months to 5 years with 4 mortality in the study. Conclusions: Most of the calvarial tumors were benign and surgically addressable. The malignant lesions were scattered with diverse underlying pathology and required individualized holistic approach.






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