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 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 69  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 567--572

Microsurgical Embolectomy in the Current Era of Pharmacological and Mechanical (Endovascular) Thrombolysis—A Reappraisal


1 Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, Japanese Red Cross Hospital, Asahikawa, Japan

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sharma Rajeev
Department of Neurosurgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi - 110029
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.319226

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Introduction: Microsurgical embolectomy though is the oldest known recanalization technique is being dismissed in favor of the latest mechanical endovascular techniques for the management of acute large vessel occlusion. Aim and Objective: We aim to highlight the role of microsurgical embolectomy in the current era of pharmacological and mechanical (endovascular) thrombolysis. Methods: An outline of the microsurgical embolectomy technique is described along with its current indications, advantages, and disadvantages. Results: It carries higher complete (TICI 3) revascularization rates with lower risk of distal embolic events especially in cases with high clot burdens; but is more labor-intensive and has longer reperfusion time in comparison to endovascular methods along with the requirement of highly skilled neurovascular surgeons to perform it quickly. Conclusion: Microsurgical embolectomy is an important indispensable recanalization technique in the armamentarium of vascular neurosurgeons.






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