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 SYMPOSIUM
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 302--306

Neuromodulation in Obstructive Sleep Apnea


1 Department of Neurosurgery, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Medicine, Government Medical College, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
3 Department of Functional Neurosurgery, West Virginia University Health Sciences, WV, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Vikas Naik
Department of Neurosurgery, Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, K. R. Road, Bengaluru, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.302456

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Epidemiological studies show a steady rise in the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Untreated OSA is responsible for numerous chronic health conditions, motor vehicle, and workplace-related accidents leading to substantial economic burden both to the individual and society. Multiple causes for OSA and a wide range of consequences has made its diagnosis and treatment difficult. Obstructive sleep apnea may be caused by anatomical variation, increased collapsibility of the upper airway, low sleep arousal threshold, and exaggerated response to desaturation. Lifestyle changes, anatomical corrective surgeries, and oral appliances have been used but patient compliance is poor as it interferes in the daily routine. Neuromodulation is a promising functional modifying option that addresses the cause of obstructive sleep apnea at multiple levels.






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