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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 196--201

Microsurgery and Neuromodulation for Facial Spasms

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Bombay Hospital Institute of Medical Sciences, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Neurosurgery, University of West Virginia, Medical Centre Drive, Morgantown WV, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Chandrashekhar E Deopujari
Room No 114, 1st Floor, MRC Building, Bombay Hospital, Mumbai - 400 012, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.302455

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Facial spasms are of various types. Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is characterized by unilateral tonic-clonic contractions of facial muscles, following a specific pattern of disease progression. It has well-delineated clinical, radiological and electrophysiological features. We have conducted an extensive review of existing literature on the subject, as regards etiopathogenesis, clinical features, investigations and management options for facial spasms. Primary Hemifacial spasm (HFS) may be treated using pharmacotherapy, botulinum toxin injections or microvascular decompression surgery. Microvascular decompression has the potential to reverse the pathological changes of the disease and has proved to be the most successful of all treatment options. Other facial spasms are exceedingly difficult to treat and may need neuromodulation as an option. The following article attempts to review the clinical features and therapeutic approaches to managing patients with facial spasms.


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Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow