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Table of Contents    
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 8  |  Page : 162

Neuromodulation – Cover Page

Department of Neurosurgery, LSU Health Sciences, Shreveport, Louisiana, United States

Date of Web Publication5-Dec-2020

Correspondence Address:
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.302478

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How to cite this article:
Kandregula S, Guthikonda B. Neuromodulation – Cover Page. Neurol India 2020;68, Suppl S2:162

How to cite this URL:
Kandregula S, Guthikonda B. Neuromodulation – Cover Page. Neurol India [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Feb 25];68, Suppl S2:162. Available from:

The term “Neuromodulation” is generally used to the procedures which modify the function of the nervous system through electrical stimulation. The neuromodulation domain is continuously expanding while it dates back to the 15th century AD[1]. Currently, these approaches are used in neurophysiological stimulation as well as therapeutic brain stimulation. Since the introduction of the stereotactic frame for human procedures by Ernst Spiegel and Henry Wycis in 1947, there is a continuous evolution of precise localization procedures[2]. Following the publication of reports of Benabid, Blond, and Sigfried groups on DBS for tremor, it took a new leap for application of these procedures in different pathologies. Promising results led to the gradual abandonment of the ablative procedures except for specific indications. A quick Pubmed search with the term “neuromodulation” revealed more than one million results (1943 2020), which shows rapid interest and investment growth in the field. The scope of neuromodulation currently involves simple procedures to control pain to complex neural interface mechanisms. Machine learning and the latest technologies involving complex brain machine interface will shape the neuromodulation's future in treating various pathologies.

In this abstract illustration, we intend to show different procedures commonly done for movement disorders and epilepsy. Although these procedures’ applications have a vast range, we could project only a few related to neurosurgery in the limited space.

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  References Top

Gildenberg PL (2006) History of Electrical Neuromodulation for Chronic Pain. Pain Medicine 7:S7 S13. doi: 10.1111/j.1526 4637.2006.00118.x.  Back to cited text no. 1
Sironi VA (2011) Origin and evolution of deep brain stimulation. Front Integr Neurosci 5:42. doi: 10.3389/faint. 2011.00042.  Back to cited text no. 2


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