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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 7  |  Page : 39--43

Current Status of Surgery in Management of Prolactinomas

1 Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India
2 Department of Neurology, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Secunderabad, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manas K Panigrahi
Department of Neurosurgery, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, 1-8-31/1, Ministers Road, Secunderabad, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.287668

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Prolactinomas are a complex neuroendocrine challenge for the neurosurgeon. Management of prolactinoma patients requires centres that include neuroendocrinologists, neurosurgeons, neuroradiologists. Although dopamine agonists are the current mainstay of management of prolactinomas, surgery was often preferred management option prior to 1980, before the advent of dopamine agonists. Importantly, all patients with neurologic symptoms suspected due to the lesion, and those risk of adverse effects of medical management, treatment failure, resistance to dopamine agonists and those planning pregnancy, should be referred to a neurosurgeon at the earliest possible. When selected after meticulous evaluation, in patients with neurological deficits like acute visual loss, intolerance to medical therapy, or treatment failures, surgical intervention could come to rescue. Encouragingly, when carefully selected, surgical remission rates are high. In the current review, we review the existing literature and share the experience at our centre in the surgical management of prolactinomas.


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Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow