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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 68  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 889--893

Neurosyphilis - A Forgotten Disease: Case Reports with Ten Years Follow-Up and Review of Literature

1 Department of Neurology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, Malviya Nagar, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Radiodiagnosis, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Neetu Ramrakhiani
Department of Neurology, Fortis Escorts Hospital, JLN Marg, Malviya Nagar, Jaipur - 302 017 Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.293488

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Neurosyphilis is a rare disease. We describe two patients of neurosyphilis with their clinical course and long-term follow-up. Our first patient was a 47-year-old male who presented with ataxia, headache, papilledema, sensorineural hearing loss, and myelopathy. Investigations revealed pachymeningitis and cervicodorsal myelitis. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was reactive with positive CSF Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) and blood Treponema pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA). His clinical, laboratory, radiological findings, and follow-up of the last 10 years are discussed with serial imaging. Case 2 was a 61-year-old male, who presented with neuropsychiatric symptoms, which resolved with treatment. We have reviewed the Indian case reports of this disease. It is easy to confuse neurosyphilis with tubercular meningitis in an Indian setting. The role of steroids in myelitic form has also been discussed. Worldwide reported cases of syphilitic myelitis are tabulated with their outcomes.


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