| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2019 | Volume
| Issue : 8 | Page : 230--235
Mars walking simulation: An electromyographic analysis
Benjamin T Hammond1, Denizar Alberto da Silva Melo2, Rafael Pires de Farias2, Michele da Rosa3, Ingrid Lamadrid4, Leandro Disiuta5, Julio Cesar Marquesde Lima5, Thais Russomano6
1 Centre for Human and Applied Physiological Sciences, School of Basic and Medical Biosciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College, London, UK
2 School of Health Sciences, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Brazil
3 Cardiovascular Centre, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal; Innova Space, UK
4 Microgravity Centre, Polytechnic School, PUCRS, Brazil
5 Microgravity Centre, Polytechnic School, PUCRS, Brazil; Innova Space, UK
6 Centre for Human and Applied Physiological Sciences, School of Basic and Medical Biosciences, Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College, London; Innova Space, UK
Context: With a long duration return mission to Mars on the horizon, we must learn as much about the environment and its influence on the musculoskeletal system as possible to develop countermeasures and mitigate deleterious health effects and maladaptation.
Aims: To determine the influence of simulated Mars gravity on the activity of four locomotor muscles while walking, in comparison to 1 G, using lower body positive pressure (LBPP).
Material and Methods: A total of 14 male subjects (mean age: 20.6 ± 2.4 years) performed bouts of walking in both simulated Mars gravity (0.38 G) and Earth gravity (1 G) using an LBPP device. The dependent variables were the muscle activity evoked in the tibialis anterior, vastus lateralis, gluteus maximus and lateral portion of the gastrocnemius, measured using electromyography and expressed as percentages of maximum voluntary isometric contractions, and heart rate (HR). For statistical analysis, a paired t-test was performed. Statistical significance was defined as P < 0.05.
Results: No significant differences in muscle activity were found across conditions for any of the investigated muscles. A significant mean difference in the HR was identified between Earth (105.15 ± 8.1 bpm) and Mars (98.15 ± 10.44 bpm) conditions (P = 0.027), wherein the HR was lower during the Mars trial.
Conclusions: The Mars environment may not result in any deteriorative implications for the musculoskeletal system. However, if future research should report that stride frequency and thus activation frequency is decreased in the simulated Mars gravity, negative implications may be posed for muscle retention and reconditioning efforts on the Red Planet.
Dr. Thais Russomano
Centre for Human and Applied Physiological Sciences, Shepherd's House, Guy's Campus King's College, London SE1 1UL
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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