Atormac
briv
Neurology India
menu-bar5 Open access journal indexed with Index Medicus
  Users online: 4986  
 Home | Login 
About Editorial board Articlesmenu-bullet NSI Publicationsmenu-bullet Search Instructions Online Submission Subscribe Videos Etcetera Contact
  Navigate Here 
 »   Next article
 »   Previous article
 »   Table of Contents

 Resource Links
 »   Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
 »   Citation Manager
 »   Access Statistics
 »   Reader Comments
 »   Email Alert *
 »   Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed32013    
    Printed440    
    Emailed22    
    PDF Downloaded1869    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 54    

Recommend this journal

 

 REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2007  |  Volume : 55  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 226--232

Cryptococcal meningitis: Clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic overviews


1 Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) and St. Johns Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India
2 Department of Neuromicrobiology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) and St. Johns Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India
3 Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS) and St. Johns Medical College Hospital, Bangalore, India

Correspondence Address:
P Satishchandra
Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS) Hosur Road, Bangalore - 560 029
India
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0028-3886.35683

Rights and Permissions

Cryptococcal meningitis has emerged as a leading cause of infectious morbidity and mortality in patients with AIDS. Among the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-seropositive subjects, cryptococcal meningitis is the second most common cause of opportunistic neuro-infection. Current trends are changing due to the marked improvement of quality and length of life produced by highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The introduction of generic HAART in India has resulted in an increase in the number of individuals getting treatment for HIV infection, as the cost of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) has decreased 20- fold. Cryptococcal meningitis occurs in non-HIV patients who are immunodeficient due to diabetes, cancer, solid organ transplants, chemotherapeutic drugs, hematological malignancies etc and rarely in healthy individuals with no obvious predisposing factors. Diagnosis of cryptococcal meningitis is fairly straightforward once the diagnosis is considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic meningitis. Treatment of a patient with cryptococcal infection is a challenge for both the physician and the patient, but rewarding, as many would recover with timely and adequate antifungal therapy.






[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*


        
Print this article     Email this article

Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow