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Year : 2000  |  Volume : 48  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 149--54

Primary angiitis of CNS : neuropathological study of three autopsied cases with brief review of literature.


Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India., India

Correspondence Address:
K M Panda
Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore, 560029, India.
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


PMID: 10878779

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Primary angiitis of CNS(PACNS) or granulomatous angiitis of CNS is a rare inflammatory disease of small blood vessels mostly confined to the CNS. The clinical and pathological features of 3 autopsied cases are described. Clinically all the three PACNS patients were young males, age ranging from 19 to 31 years. All presented with varied neurological manifestations. There was no evidence of systemic disease in any of the cases. The ESR was normal and CSF analysis showed chronic meningitic pattern. The cerebral angiogram in one case was normal and the CT scan done in another case showed multiple intracerebral haematoma due to vasculitis. Brain biopsy was not done. Diagnosis was made at post-mortem examination. Histology showed characteristic but variable degree of granulomatous and non-granulomatous angiitis of small vessels. Venulitis with parenchymal haemorrhages was the predominant feature and in one case phlebitis with thrombosis was noted. Since the disease responds to steroids and immunosuppressive therapy, establishing antemortem diagnosis is important. In view of the association of angiitis of CNS with bacteria and viral infections, their role in the evolution of the disease needs to be investigated.






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Online since 20th March '04
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