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Year : 1998  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 238--240

Herpes simplex myelitis in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow, India

Correspondence Address:
J Kalita
Department of Neurology, Sanjay Gandhi PGIMS, Lucknow
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 29508785

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Herpes simplex virus type-I is the commonest cause of focal encephalitis in immunocompetent adults. We report a 35 year old man, who presented with acute ascending myelitis which progressed to encephalitis within one week. The patient's MRI revealed nonhaemorrhagic lesions in frontotemporal areas and midbrain without any evidence of herniation. The CSF was positive for IgM and IgG antibodies against herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV1) and serum was positive for HIV by ELISA and Western blot techniques. The patient died on 18th day of illness due to resistant pseudomonas septicaemia.The presence of disseminated involvement of the central nervous system in HSV infection should raise the suspicion of the HIV coinfection.

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Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow