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Year : 1997  |  Volume : 45  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 162--165

Brachial plexus and related lesions after median sternotomy.

Department of Cardio Thoracic Surgery, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
KV Reddy
Department of Cardio Thoracic Surgery, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

PMID: 29512540

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A prospective study was undertaken in 459 cases, undergoing open heart surgery which necessitated media sternotomy, to see the frequency of brachial plexus and peripheral nerve related complications in the upper limbs. Seven cases (1.53) had such complications. These included lower trunk injury (3 cases), ulnar neuropathy at the elbow (3 cases), and radical neuropathy at the level of radical groove (one case). The youngest patient was aged 12 years and the remaining 6 patients were more than 30 years of age. There was no relation between the type of heart disease and these complications. The difference between patients with or without preparation of the internal mammary artery for graft was not significant. All the complications occurred on the left side. Ulnar and radical nerve palsy could be due to the positioning of the left limb. The barchial plexus injury was related to retraction of the sternum during operation. AA : Y

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Online since 20th March '04
Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow